DistributionHimalaya, Indiaeast to China, Japan, Malaysia, Tropical Australia
Parts usedRoots, fruits, seeds and seed oil
Description: Large, branched, woody climber; older part of the stem light grey and younger smooth green. Leaves palmately 3-5 lobed, dark green above, pale beneath with dark-coloured circular gland scattered along the lower side. Flowers unisexual, males in axillary racemes, bracts broadly ovate, many-nerved, fringed and gland dotted; female flowers solitary and axillary. Fruits globose, red when ripe with 10 orange streaks. Seeds numerous, smooth.
Use: Roots are bitter, astringent, acrid, carminative, emetic, abortifacient, and purgative. They are good for hemicranias, carbuncles and gonorrhea. Fruits are carminative, purgative, aborticfacient, anti-inflammatory, very valuable in curing otitis and rhinitis;also used in asthma; seeds are emetic and purgative. Oil obtained by boiling the seeds in coconut is a remedy for earache, sores in ears and nostrils. This oil is applied to scalp to cure hemicranias.