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Taraxacum officinale

Photo Credit: Khilendra Gurung, Himalayan biotrade (HBTL)

 

Vernacular Name:Tuki phul, tuknu


English Name:
        Common dandelion, Blow ball


Distribution:
         Native of Europe


Parts used:   
         Root, leaves and flowers

 

Description: Perennial herb, root cylindrical, 3.5-9.5 cm in length and 3-15 mm in thickness, externally yellowish brown, longitudinally wrinkled, internally whitish. Leaves entire, radical, sessile, 5-20 cm, oblanceolate, acute. Heads 8-50 mm in diameter, bracteates, inner white, outer short; flowers yellow.

 

Use: Plant is bitter, vulnerary, digestive, stomachic, anthelmintic, aperients, liver tonic, sudorific, antibacterial, depurative, cholagogue and tonic. Roots are used to treat liver and spleen ailments and to stimulate appetite. Juice of the fresh pant is effective against liver disease, chronic hepatitis, visceral congestion, intermittent fever, nephropathy, strangury, leprosy, gout, stiff joints, insomnia, hypochondria, jaundice, bilary calculi and other hepatic diseases. Flowers are used as tea, which are beneficial in heart trouble.

 

Reference: AVS (Vol V) 1994; Bhattaracharjee 2001; Manandhar 2002; A Compendium of  Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006