Description: Annual herb. Leaves entire, lower ones long-stalked, oblong, ovate, petioled, base widely or narrowly cordate. Flowers bisexual, in whorls forming long, nearly leafless racemes, reddish or green. Fruiting sepals 3, one large and two small, broadly ovate, fringed with comb-like, hooked teeth, the mid-vein of one thickened and forming an oblong tubercle. Fruit trigonous.
Use: Tender leaves, shoots and stalks are edible. Rhizome paste is massaged on sprain. Fresh leaf extract and sap is applied on cuts, wounds and swellings. Leaf infusion is given in colic and applied to syphilitic ulcer.
Application: Paste, infusion, sap
Reference: Kirtikar and Basu (Vol III) 1980; A Compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006