English NameThree-leaved pine, Chir pine, Himalayan
DistributionAfghanistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan)
Parts usedWood, resin, seeds, oil
Description: Large tree, attaining 33 m in height; trunk tall and furrowed. Needles 22-30 cm long, sometimes longer, in clusters of 3, dark or light green. Male spikes cylindric, cones solitary or clustered. Seeds including the wing 1.2-2.5 cm long.
Use: Wood is acrid, bitter, thermogenic, emollient, aromatic, antiseptic, deodorant, haemostatic, stimulant, anthelmintic, digestive, liver tonic, rubifacient, and diuretic. It is useful in opthalmopathy , otopathy, pharyngopathy, halitosis, foul ulcers, dyspepsia, bronchitis, skin diseases, pruritus and giddiness. Oleoresin is expectorant, anodyne, purgative. It is useful in asthma, chronic bronchitis, otalgia, odontalgia, urethrorrhea, gonorrhea, scabies, epilepsy, limbago and tuberculous glands, externally applied to heal wounds. Roasted seeds are eaten as galactogogue.
Application: Roasted seeds, oleoresin
Reference: DPR 3, 1997; AVS (Vol IV) 1994; A Compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006