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Pinus roxburghii

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Vernacular NameKhote Sallo, Aule sallo

English Name
Three-leaved pine, Chir pine, Himalayan

DistributionAfghanistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan)

Parts used
Wood, resin, seeds, oil

Description: Large tree, attaining 33 m in height; trunk tall and furrowed. Needles 22-30 cm long, sometimes longer, in clusters of 3, dark or light green. Male spikes cylindric, cones solitary or clustered. Seeds including the wing 1.2-2.5 cm long.

Use: Wood is acrid, bitter, thermogenic, emollient, aromatic, antiseptic, deodorant, haemostatic, stimulant, anthelmintic, digestive, liver tonic, rubifacient, and diuretic. It is useful in opthalmopathy , otopathy, pharyngopathy, halitosis, foul ulcers, dyspepsia, bronchitis, skin diseases, pruritus and giddiness. Oleoresin is expectorant, anodyne, purgative. It is useful in asthma, chronic bronchitis, otalgia, odontalgia, urethrorrhea, gonorrhea, scabies, epilepsy, limbago and  tuberculous glands, externally applied to heal wounds. Roasted seeds are eaten as galactogogue.

Application: Roasted  seeds, oleoresin

Reference: DPR 3, 1997; AVS (Vol IV) 1994; A Compendium of  Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006