Botanical Name: Paris polyphylla
Common Name: Satuwaa
English Name: Ginseng
Parts Used: Roots, rhizome
Habit and Habitat: Himalaya (Uttar Pradesh to Bhutan). NE India, China
Description: Glabrous herb, leaves 4-9, shortly stalked, lanceolate, 7.5-15 cm long, pointed, petioled. Flowers stalked, in the centre yellow-green perianth.
Uses: Rhizome acts as depressant on carotid pressure, myocardium and respiratory movements. It produces vasoconstriction in kidney, but vasodilation in spleen and limbs ad stimulates isolated intestines.Rhizome is anthelmintic and its powder is used as tonic.
References: A compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi (October' 2006)