Distribution: Himalaya (Uttar Pradesh to Bhutan), India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, China Malaysia, Australia, Polynesia
Parts used: Glands and hairs from capsules of fruit, bark
Description: Small, evergreen tree, 7-9 m tall. Leaves alternate, ovate-lanceolate, petioled. Flowers in stiff spikes, small, sessile, male yellow, clustered, female solitary, sessile. Fruits capsules, about 3-8 mm in diameter, red, triangle and covered with crimson powder.
Use: Fruits powder is anthelmintic, white part of fruit is lithontriptic, styptic, vermifuge, alexipharmic, depurative, laxative and purgative. Bark juice is taken to cure stomach disorder. Glands and hairs on the fruit have been known as an anthelmintic in India for long, and are especially over ringworm, ptyriasis, freckles, herpes, scabies and syphilitic ulcers; if taken internally it relieves leprous eruptions.
Application: Brick red powder of fruit (glandular hairs of the fruits)
Reference: Acharya 1996; Amatya 1996; Bhattarai 1992b;AVS (Vol III) 1994; Dongol and Gurung 2000; Ghimire 2000; Parajuli 2000; Siwakoti and Siwakoti 2000; Joshi 2000; Joshi and Joshi 2001; Manandhar 2002; A Compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006