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Andrographis paniculata

Vernacular Name: Ankuri phul, kalmegh

English Name: The Creat

Distribution: Old World Tropics from Africa to Myanmar

Parts used: Whole plant

Description: Herb about 15-20 cm. Leaves 2.5*0.8 cm, opposite, sessile, oblong-lanceolate. Flowers in forked cymes forming terminal panicles, white.

Use: Plant is bitter, acrid, astringent, thermogenic, laxative, alterative, vulnery, emollient, alexiteric, anthelmintic, appetizer, intellect promoting, aphrodisiac, depurative, rejuvenating and nerve tonic; fresh juice of plant is prescribed in insanity, epilepsy and nervous debility; also useful in leucoderma, leprosy, skin diseases; tuberculosis, ulcers and general debility.

Reference: AVS (Vol I) 1994; DPR 10, 2001; A Compendium of  Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006